About Foz do Iguaçu

The city of Foz do Iguaçu has an extremely varied and interesting ethnic composition with a current population estimated at 255,900. It is home to people from 80 of the world’s 192 nationalities. Walking through the city’s streets, it’s not surprising to encounter Japanese, Chinese, Koreans, French, Bolivian, Chilean, Arab, Moroccan, Portuguese, Indian, English, Israeli and people of many other ethnicities not to mention the Paraguayans and Argentineans. The different ethnic groups residing in the city make Foz de Iguaçu one of Brazil’s most cosmopolitan cities.



THE IGUAZU FALLS

This unique spectacle is considered one of the New 7 Wonders of Nature. It was created approximately 200,000 years ago, at the location that is now known as the “Tri-Border Landmark” (between Argentina, Brazil and Paraguay), at the confluence of the Iguazu and Paraná Rivers.
A geological fault in the bend of the Paraná River caused a sharp 80-meter drop where the Iguazu River flows into the Paraná. From that point, where the falls begin, it is 27 kilometers to where the Devil’s Throat is now found, due to the slow but continuous erosion in the location of the falls. This steep original drop was converted into one of the large sinuous arcs, more than 2,700 meters long. The most important falls in the group, the Devil’s Throat, is 80 meters tall and in the main bed of the river. Depending on the amount of water in the river, between 160 and 260 different waterfalls can be seen, over which flow have an average of 1,500 cubic meters of water per second. The intensity of the drop produces a permanent mist, through which the sunlight creates multiple rainbows of unsurpassable beauty.
If you want to visit the Park on two consecutive days, there is a discount in the entrance fee for the second day.
10 things you must do:
1 - Visit the “Ibyrá-retá” Nature Interpretation Center
2 - Take a trip on the Ecological Jungle Train
3 - Visit the Devil’s Throat – Not to be missed
4 - Have lunch in the restaurants inside the Park
5 - Take a walk on the green trail
6 - Take an excursion on the upper circuit
7 - Take an excursion on the lower circuit
8 - Explore San Martín Island
9 - Take a hike on the Macuco Trail
10 - Take an excursion under the full moon



TRI-BORDER LANDMARK

To geographically mark the border of Foz do Iguaçu (BRAZIL) with the neighboring cities of Puerto Iguazu (ARGENTINA) and Puerto Franco (PARAGUAY), an obelisk was built in each one of the cities, as symbols of equality, complementarity and respect among the three nations. The Brazilian landmark, made of stone and cement and painted in the national colors, establishes the territorial limit and sovereignty of Brazil in relation to Argentina and Paraguay.
Located 6 km from the center of the city, the Brazilian Landmark was inaugurated on July 20, 1903, together with the Argentine Landmark, by a Strategic Commission of the two countries. A visit to the location passes through a beautiful pine forest landscape along the 1,000 meters between the Landmark from Av. General Meira.
The location has a parking area, a snack bar, a crafts store, a playground and a lookout, from where visitors can see the three bordering countries, each with its landmark and respective national colors, and also see the confluence of the waters of the Iguaçu and Paraná Rivers.



IGUAZU CANYON

Entering the Iguaçu National Park is almost like entering an amusement park. Tourists experience constant thrills in every excursion. The company Campo de Desafios Cânion Iguaçu (Iguazu Canion Field of Challenges) built an area of great excitement, where people of all ages can explore and enjoy unforgettable moments. In the Forest Aerial Adventure Field, visitors can conquer their fears, climb 12 meters high and pass from one element to another, whether hanging, walking or crawling like a spider on a web. At the end of the course, the tourist jumps off into a free fall on a zip-line from a height of 25 meters.
But the adventure does not stop there, there is a 15-meter tall “cat leap” and an indoor climbing wall with various levels of difficulty. But the Field of Challenges saves the most exciting activity for last; the rappel. Visitor’s approach a high platform by walking on a trail suspended in the trees, from where they can see and hear the sounds of various animals and birds, until reaching a clearing where nearly the entire Iguaçu Falls is visible.
Built with easy access for those with special needs, the rappel platform is 55 meters tall and explorers descend by rope with the sense they are descending the falls that are just ear-shot away.



RAFTING

For those who want even more emotion after having experienced all those amazing thrills, rafting can fulfill this desire. The sport is practiced on the rapids of the Iguazu River, just below the 275 falls that form the Iguazu Falls. Accompanied by instructors, tourists put on safety equipment, enter the boat and experience a rush of adrenaline over rapids with various obstacles and levels of difficulty.



ITAIPU BINATIONAL HYDROELECTRIC DAM

By overcoming barriers and exceeding limits, Foz do Iguaçu attained the world’s largest hydroelectric dam: Itaipu Binational. More than a power plant was built. In parallel, the social environment and recovery of the ecosystem around the reservoir was cared for, resulting in creation of the large Itaipu Tourist Complex. The tourist attractions include the Special Circuit, the Panoramic View, the Institutional Tour, the Visitors Center, Dam Lighting, the Bela Vista Biology Reserve, the Ecomuseum, the Spawning Channel, the Astronomy Center and the Electric Car Test-Drive.



BIOLOGY RESERVE

Located between the Iguazu and Ilha Grande National Parks, Itaipu plays an essential role in environmental preservation in the Triple Frontier region. The oldest and most successful project in this area is the Bela Vista Biology Reserve, a nature preserve created to receive thousands of plants and animals left homeless by the reservoir from the power plant.
The trip takes place in small trailer cars that leave from the Visitors Center and run along the Spawning Channel to the buildings of the Reserve. All the spaces use alternative energy sources and were built with green architectural concepts.
The activities continue with a 2km walk on a trail through the native forest and include environmental education lessons. There are more than 960 genera of plants, and 20% have useful properties.
Experience this ecotourist adventure and come face to face with more than 50 types of animals like possums, capuchin monkeys and jaguars.

Source: Iguazu Convention & Visitors Bureau

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